TEACH YOUR KIDS THESE KEY FINANCIAL CONCEPTS
We all would like our children to grow up to be financially independent. We would like to see our grown children earn a good living, spend and borrow wisely, plan well, and have insurance for protection.
Financial literacy begins in childhood and develops through adulthood. Early learning about finances begins when children start counting, playing with money and playing store. School-age children know about saving, spending, and some start earning, whether through chores or other paid work, including part-time jobs. By the time your teen transitions into young adulthood, he or she should be able to make a plan for financial independence. Once a post-secondary school is done, your son or daughter will want to get a job, a vehicle, and his or her place to call home.
You can contribute to your child’s financial success by providing the learning foundation. Start anytime. It seems appropriate with a discussion of the key economic concepts below.
Saving for later is a critical habit. Saving can start very early in a child’s life, including with a piggy bank. Once in school, you can take your child to a bank or credit union to set up a student savings account. Explain how savings accounts keep money safe, allow for interest to be earned, and can provide a buffer against future expenses.
When opening the account with your child, determine together the account’s purpose. Is the account simply to save or also to make purchases? Do you want your child to have a debit card and be able to access the account online? Discuss privacy with your child, including the importance of keeping the password private and what to do if a debit card is lost or stolen. Also, discuss post-secondary tuition fees and future vehicles as potential significant goals.
Perhaps as critical as saving, proper money management entails learning how to spend wisely, keeping in mind opportunity costs. Teach your child how to distinguish between ‘needs’ and ‘wants’ and to evaluate each potential purchase this way. Discuss how money saved today might be better spent on other opportunities in the future. Also, talk to your child about how trends change and how marketers try to convince consumers that the latest clothes, shoes or games are ‘necessary’ to fit in and be accepted by peers.
Go to the shopping mall together with your child only with a purpose, to avoid getting sidetracked with unexpected impulse buys. Be sure to try on or try out an item at the store before purchasing it and consider looking elsewhere before making a decision, including online. Discuss how to compare value between items, services and stores. If your child is fixed on a particular topic, inquire if there are other purchases he or she is willing to give up in order to get that item. Also, find out what the store return policy is. Suggest a break away from the mall before making a high-cost decision. In this cooling-off period, your son or daughter may more easily part from the desired item.
Provide a monthly or seasonal allowance for clothing, meals and entertainment to allow your child to practice independent budgeting within that allowance. Suggest that your child give charitably as well. I recommend gently used items instead of always buying new ones. Also, suggest a part-time job if your son or daughter is set on designer brands.
Earning is a key part of learning money management. It is a thrill for most kids to get their first job and an excellent opportunity for them to practice the responsibility they have been entrusted with. In addition to promoting working part-time, take your daughter or son to a career fair. Fortunately, career counselling is available in high school, and career services are available at post-secondary institutions. Job search tools are also available at the Alberta Learning Information Service, LinkedIn, and many job websites, which will be of higher value as your son or daughter matures.
Teach your young adult to network with peers, teachers, coaches, and community organizations to expand his or her horizons and be open to various jobs. While most promoted posts are listed online, a high volume of jobs is still not advertised and come from referrals and word of mouth.
Budgeting is an excellent way to help your teen prioritize and start making choices about how to save and spend money. It is valuable to make even a basic spreadsheet of how much your teen has collected and what it costs to buy desired goods and services, spread out monthly. Maintaining a spreadsheet of money coming in and out each month can help your teen to track expenses and make better spending choices consciously.
The purpose of lending is to facilitate achieving a goal that is otherwise not possible, while at the same time building a good credit history by paying the money back on time. A young adult’s first experience with borrowing is often getting set up with a credit card, vehicle lease or loan or a student loan. When the lending starts, it is critical to track dates and amounts for payments due. Direct withdrawals from a bank account are recommended, along with monthly calendar e-reminders about bills. Missing a payment can mean late charges, interest and a negative impact on your young adult’s credit rating. Encourage your son or daughter to stay on top of amounts due, make payments early whenever possible and seek credit counselling if there is a need.
Insurance is often learned about through various life stages, but it can be discussed at any time as a contract that provides a payment in the event that an insured loss occurs. Auto insurance tends to be the first insurance young adults buy in order to drive a vehicle. Health insurance benefits from a job area typically obtained next. Tenant and home insurance policies are taken out as they are required by a landlord or lender. As your young adult matures, he or she will learn more about everyday risks and types of insurance needed.
Contact Fox Miles & Associates Inc. for Debt Solutions in Edmonton
It is wise to take steps now to discuss money matters with your son or daughter and put a viable plan in place. With open communication, you can instill the lifelong lessons in money management we wish for our children.
A Licensed Insolvency Trustee in Edmonton at Fox Miles & Associates can help you tackle the management of your own money and debt. We can assess your situation and help set up an effective budget and solid debt repayment plan as part of your own debt solution. To address your financial needs and concerns, call us today at 780-444-3939 to set up a free consultation. We can offer immediate debt relief in Edmonton.